The Nobel Prize 2014

The Nobel Prize 2014

The Nobel Prize 2014: Alfred Nobel was started Nobel Prizes. Alfred Nobel signed his last will On 27 November 1895. In that ‘WILL’ he confirmed giving all his biggest wealth for the prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – The Nobel Prizes. In 1968 the Sweden’s central bank Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. Every year Nobel Prizes are awarded by the -Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences(Physics, Chemistry, Economics)-The Karolinska Institute (Prize in Physiology or Medicine)-And the Norwegian Nobel Committee (Prize in Peace). In Nobel Prize Award each Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a gold medal and some money. Every year Nobel foundation will decide the prize money. To till date the (Year 2014) 567 Nobel Prizes were awarded. The Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 567 times between 1901 and 2014. Between 1901 and 2014, 25 organizations and 864 Laureates have been awarded.

the Nobel-prize 2014

Nobel Prize 2014 Laureates:

The Nobel Prizes 2014 have been announced. The Nobel committe selected An Indian and a Pakistani for the Peace Prize.
The Japanese scientists team has been selected for the Physics Prize. Germany scientist team won the Chemistry prize.
Patrick Modiano French writer was selected the Nobel Prize in literature.
On december 10 the Nobel laureates will be handed the Nobel awards.

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Physics :

Isamu Akasaki-Hiroshi Amano-Shuji Nakamura

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to

1. Isamu Akasaki
2. Hiroshi Amano
3. Shuji Nakamura
Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the invention of “efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”.

The Nobel Prize 2014  in Physics laureates and Info

1.Isamu Akasaki

DOB: 30.1. 1929
Country: Chiran, Japan
Affiliation at Award Time: Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Field of the Invention: The technology of semiconductors
Invention: “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”

2.Hiroshi Amano

DOB: 11.11.1960
Country: Hamamatsu, Japan
Affiliation at Award Time: Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Field of the Invention: The technology of semiconductors
Invention: “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”

3.Shuji Nakamura

DOB: 22.05.1954
Country:Ikata, Japan
Affiliation at Award Time: University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Field of the Invention: The technology of semiconductors
Invention: “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Chemistry :

US researchers Eric Betzig and William Moerner and Stefan Hell of Germany won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for finding ways to make microscopes more powerful than previously thought possible, allowing scientists to see how diseases develop inside the tiniest cells. It allows to observe the disease development in the smallest cells

Eric Betzig-Stefan W. Hell-William E. Moerner

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Chemistry was awarded to three scientist jointly.They are…..

1. Eric Betzig
2. Stefan W. Hell
3. William E. Moerner
Invention: “For the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”.

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Chemistry Holders and Info:

1. Eric Betzig

DOB: 13.01.1960,
Country: Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Affiliation at Award Time: Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA
Field of the Invention: physical chemistry
Invention: “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”

2. Stefan W. Hell

DOB: 23.12.1962
Country: Arad, Romania
Affiliation at award Time: Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
Field of the Invention: physical chemistry
Invention: “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”

3. William E. Moerner

DOB: 24 June 1953
Country: Pleasanton, CA, USA
Affiliation at award Time: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Field of the Invention: physical chemistry
Invention: “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”.

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology (Medicine) 2014 was divided into three, one half awarded to John O’Keefe, the other half jointly to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.
#Discovery: Cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”.

John O’Keefe-May-Britt Moser-Edvard I. Moser.

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Physiology (Medicine) Holders and Info:

1. John O’Keefe

DOB: 18.11.1939
Country: New York, NY, USA
Affiliation at award Time: University College, London, United Kingdom
Discovery: “cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”
Field of the Discovery : physiology, spatial behavior
Share of the Prize : 1/2

2. May-Britt Moser

DOB: 04.01.1963
Country: Fosnavag, Norway
Affiliation at award Time: Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
Discovery: “cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”
Field of the Discovery : physiology, spatial behavior
Share of the Prize : 1/4

3. Edvard I. Moser

DOB: 27.04.1962,
Country: Alesund, Norway
Affiliation at award Time: Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
Discovery: “cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”
Field of the Discovery : physiology, spatial behavior
Share of the Prize : 1/4

The Nobel Prize 2014 in Literature 

Patrick Modiano was awared The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.

Patrick Modiano

About-Patrick Modiano

DOB: 30 July 1945
Country: Paris, France
Residence at the time of the award: France
Motivation of the Prize :“for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”
Prize share: 1/1

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 

Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai were awarded The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”

Kailash Satyarthi-Malala Yousafzai

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 Holders and Info

1. Kailash Satyarthi

DOB: 1101.1954
Country: Vidisha, India
Residence at Award Time : India
Motivation of the Prize : “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”
Share of the Prize : 1/2

2. Malala Yousafzai

DOB: 12 July 1997
Country: Mingora, Pakistan
Award Time Residence: United Kingdom
Motivation of the Prize: “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”
Prize share: 1/2

The Nobel Prize 2014 for Economics

Jean Tirole was awarded The Nobel Prize 2014 in Economics.

Jean Tirole

Jean Tirole Details

DOB: 9 August 1953
Country: Troyes, France
Affiliation at award Time: Toulouse 1 Capitole University, Toulouse, France
Motivation of the Prize: “for his analysis of market power and regulation”
Field of the Descovery: Industrial organization, microeconomics

 

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